Food, Beverages & Other Consumer Products

Determination of contaminants in wine using GCMS and ICPMS

ICP-MS is a fast and reliable tool for determination of heavy metals in wine and the HS-trap GC/MS system is a high sensitivity method for monitoring trichloroanisole in wine in order to guarantee the highest level of quality and safety according to the European wine regulations.

Download this application in PDF format

Watch Dr. Jim Simons of Rutgers University discuss “The Science Behind Good Beer”

Learn more>>

Analytical Instruments for Beer Analysis - Click to Learn More

A 12 Pack of Beer Analysis by UV-Vis - Click to Learn More

Different breweries require or want various types of analytical instruments, requirements often based on such factors as a brewery’s size, output, and the ingredients used.

For startup breweries, one of the most economic and essential pieces of analytical instrumentation is the UV-Visible spectrophotometer. A brewing chemist will use this to measure color, bitterness, diacetyl, free amino nitrogen (FAN), iron, total polyphenols, triobarbituric acid index (TBI), protein, aldehydes, beta-glucan, copper, total sulfur dioxide, and total carbohydrates.

The addition of a Gas Chromatograph (GC) with a flame ionization detector allows measuring the alcohol concentration. Add a headspace to the GC to measure diacetyl (2,3-Butanedione) and 2,3-Pentanedione, which are vicinal diketones (VDKs) giving a buttery flavor. Measuring VDKs is important for knowing how long the fermentation tanks are holding product before the brewing process is complete, a key return on investment (ROI) when considering an instrument purchase. The headspace GC can also measure flavors like the esters ethyl acetate (pear flavor) and isoamyl acetate (banana flavor) and aldehydes like acetaldehyde (green apple flavor). 

As a brewery expands, the addition of an HPLC, incorporating different detectors, can offer important analyses. These detectors, and their purposes, include:

Refractive Index Detector - Measuring the carbohydrates. UV Detector - Measuring the individual iso-alpha acids. Electroconductive detector - measuring organic acids such as phosphoric, citric, malic, lactic, formic, acetic, and carbonic acid. Fluorescence detector - measuring individual amino acids

For a large-scale brewing lab, the addition of mass spectrometry instruments, such as GC-MS, GC-MS/MS, LC-MS, LC-MS/MS, and ICP-MS, will provide brewers with a treasure of information, from brewing to troubleshooting. For example:

LC-MS/MS may be used for the analysis of mycotoxins, metabolomics, and the full complement of amino acids. GC-MS/MS for testing for cancer-causing N-nitrosamines. ICP and ICP-MS for the measurement of inorganic minerals, nutrients, and contaminates.

Regardless of your brewery’s size or analysis requirements, Shimadzu can provide you with robust, reliable instrumentation to meet both your current and future needs as your business grows and your requirements changes.

Download this application in PDF format

View additional applications about this topic